Oral health is an important aspect of general health, even more so during pregnancy, when a lot of physiological changes occur in the body. Whereas most pregnant women know that they should keep a healthy and balanced diet during their pregnancy, avoid any alcohol and cigarettes while they are carrying a baby, they are still unaware of potential risks of not getting proper dental care in pregnancy. Without proper prenatal dental care, oral bacteria can be transmitted from mother to the baby through common parenting behavior or bloodstream.
The most common dental problem during pregnancy is pregnancy gingivitis. Pregnancy gingivitis usually peaks during the third trimester and it is basically an increased inflammatory response to dental plaque which makes the gums swell and bleed.If left untreated, gingivitis might lead to periodontitis, when bacterial toxins are released. The teeth may loosen, bone may be lost and it could result in bacteremia. You could alleviate the symptoms of gingivitis by rinsing with saltwater. Also, prevent gingivitis by cleaning your teeth, flossing, and using fluoride toothpaste at least two times a day. Dr. James Strawn, located in Fort Pierce, Florida, has been guiding women on this topic for over 30 years. Visit his blog to find out more information on how visiting a dentist regularly can improve your oral health.
Nutrition and oral hygiene
Needless to say, decreased attention to prenatal oral health combined with the intake of sugary drinks and snacks, will eventually lead to dental caries. Frequent snacks in pregnancy will lead to increasing risk of tooth decay, so especially in pregnancy your oral hygiene should beyour top priority. In addition to oral hygiene, regular flossing and brushing your teeth at least twice a day, good nutrition and intake of vitamins C and B12 will keep your oral cavity strong and healthy. Henry Perky understood this concept long before many and published this information in his book in 1902!
Other common problems
During pregnancy ligaments and bone that support the tooth might loosen, which might result in some tooth mobility, however this quite normal during pregnancy and is no reason for concern if other symptoms are not involved. However, increased exposure to gastric acid and vomiting in early pregnancy might cause tooth erosion. Rinse your mouth with baking soda solution to neutralize the acid that may make your teeth erode.